Psalm 4

Happiness.

You have put gladness in my heart
more than when their grain and wine abound

Pascal. Pensées 570
Types. — They [the Jewish people] had to deal with a carnal people and to render them the depositary of the spiritual covenant…God chose this carnal people, to whom He entrusted the prophecies which foretell the Messiah as a deliverer, and as a dispenser of those carnal goods which this people loved. And thus they have had an extraordinary passion for their prophets, and, in sight of the whole world, have had charge of these books which foretell their Messiah…

But David here, understanding the true nature of God, claims that the gladness that God deposits in his heart is more than the “grain and wine”—the carnal pleasures—that the Jewish people take pride in. The Psalmist here has a spiritual happiness, one that persists.

And this is what the Psalmist means when he says, “How long, you people, shall my honor suffer shame?” His honor is the Lord, while the people seek after vain pleasures and lies.

But who are these who seek after vain pleasures and lies?

The ones that the Lord has not “set apart for himself”.

But this disturbs the spirit. “Has the Lord not set me apart?” But if you are disturbed, the Psalmist says,

“Do not sin; ponder it on your beds, and be silent.”

Those who show disturbance are to show trust—trust in the silent contemplation of the Lord. Hope. Trust through the “right sacrifices” of those who “work out their fear in fear and trembling.”

Are we chosen by God? Do not despair. Instead,

“lie down and sleep in peace”

for we serve a God who

“makes us lie down in safety.” Hope.

Happiness.
A peace that “transcends all understanding.”

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